Dental implants complications – A dental implant is a medical procedure used to replace tooth roots, which have been damaged or are missing, it is often replaced with metal or a screw-like post much often functioning like a real tooth. It is also used as an alternative to bridgework or dentures that do not fit well.
A dental implant consists of series of medical procedure, and how it is performed depending on the state your jawbone is and the type of implant to be used. It is majorly done to provide a strong base for the new teeth, and it is imperative your bone heal firmly around the dental implant. This process often takes time, running into several months.
In the last decades, the number of implants has increased considerably, thereby leading to a corresponding increase in dental implants complications and associated risk, it is imperative to be able to identify and maybe diagnose them.
Dental implants complications can be classified into three major categories:
- Complications and risk that may arise during the implant procedure
- Complications and risk associated with the first six months after implants
- Complications which are of long-term nature.
1 Complications that may arise during the implant procedure
Dental implants carry a considerable level of risk just like any other surgical procedure, sometimes additional procedures may be required such as bone grafting, sinus lift etc. These additional procedures carry additional normal surgical risk.
It is worthy of note that according to statistics dental implants complications are not up to 5%, it usually won’t occur, and often times when it does, it is easily treated.
• Bacterial infection from the surgical procedure
• Severe bleeding if blood vessels carrying a significant amount of blood are severed during surgery
• Nerve damage, this occurs mostly to the inferior alveolar nerve (a nerve located in the mandible) causing pain, numbness, and tingling after surgery
• Risk of failure, this occurs when the implant is not placed in a bone
2 Complications and risk associated with the first six months after implants
• Implant failure, this occurs when Implants fails to integrate in the first six months, this may be due to diabetes, osteoporosis, poor hygiene
3 Complications which are of long-term nature.
• Gingival recession, this is an inflammation of the gum, caused by poor oral hygiene
• Implant fracture, this is a mechanical fault of the implant, it occurs when the implant is too thin or too short
In conclusion, you should try to do a checkup on your implant regularly, you should be free from any form of pain, bleeding and have no issue with chewing. If you feel otherwise, please see your doctor.